Case Studies

  • Black Hills Aviation v United States

    Aviation / Fire, Explosion & Blast / Visual...
    Black Hills Aviation v United States On September 10, 1987, a civilian aircraft crashed on the White Sands Missile Test Site in White Sands, NM. The aircraft, referred to as Tanker 07, owned by Black Hills Aviation, crashed while performing a contract air fire suppression support mission on the White Sands Base. The PV-2 aircraft crashed into a mountain in the Red Rio/Oscura area of the missle base. This area was also the testing site for the evaluation of the Army’s Liine of Sight Forward Heavy Missle phase of the Forward Area Air Defense System (FAADS) Project.
  • Network Transformer Explosion

    Electrical Engineering / Expert Witness / Utili...
    Introduction In March of 2007 representatives from the Connecticut Light and Power Company (CL&P) contacted RTI to conduct a forensic investigation and determine the most probable cause of an oil filled network transformer primary switch explosion.  An explosion, that resulted in the death of a contract employee. Assigned Task RTI was tasked to investigate and analyze why the switch nut failed.
  • Sequential Gearbox Failure

    Mechanical Engineering / Metallurgical Engineer...
    It was reported that a failure of the internal components of a motorcycle sequential transmission resulted in a rear wheel lockup. The disassembled gearbox and its components were photographed and the images provided to RTI for analysis. A sequential manual transmission is a type of a manual gearbox in which the gear ratios can only be selected in sequence and does not mechanically allow the operator to skip gears during a shift. There are five major components in the sequential transmission. They are: Main shaft Counter shaft Output shaft Dog gears Selectable gears  
  • House Fire with Jury Verdict for the Defendant

    Electrical Engineering / Expert Witness / Fire,...
    Introduction In the early morning hours of spring 2006, a fire broke out at a summer home on Cape Cod, MA.  The exact time the fire started is unknown as all occupants were asleep, however a neighbor did call 911 at 0200 providing a preliminary timeline of events.  The neighbor having seen flashes of light and “popping” noises assumed a transformer was malfunctioning.  The observant neighbor proceeded to the fire and took a series of pictures from 0219 to 0303.  It later became apparent that these pictures would be of significant benefit in determining whether the utility was at fault.  ASSIGNED TASK A lawsuit was filed by the owners against the electric utility. To determine whether our client was at fault.
  • Failure of a Power Station Cooling Tower

    Civil Engineering / Construction / Electrical E...
    RTI recently investigated component failures in two cells of an eight cell power station cooling tower. During an overnight shift at the power station, workers observed that water temperatures in the tower were not decreasing sufficiently. No alarms, notifications, or out-of-the-ordinary operations were detected. When workers inspected the tower they found that fan blades and pieces of carbon fiber driveshaft were scattered in and around the cooling tower. The motor fans in cells G and H were running but no air movement could be observed in either cell. Closer inspection revealed that the driveshaft in cell G and the fan blade assembly in cell H had failed catastrophically.
  • Automotive Electronics, Safety, and Reliability

    Electrical Engineering / Forensic Investigation...
    In recent years, manufacturers of passenger vehicles have heavily incorporated electronics in their vehicle lineups. These electronics of course include the in-car “infotainment” systems, but more important is the manufacturer’s tendency to rely on built in electronics, computers, and sensors to monitor the systems and alert the owner or the diagnostics team to what may be happening under the body work. While failure of in-car electronics such as GPS, radio, or even seat warmers do not spell disaster in terms of vehicle reliability and drivability, those units that monitor and control the functions of the engine, transmission, throttle, and in some extreme cases steering and braking, could show to be otherwise and possibly even be fatal.